Efficacy of Ondansetron in Mitigating Spinal and General Anesthesia Induced Hypotension & Effects of Music Therapy on Perioperative Anxiety During Awake Anesthesia


After participating in this educational activity, attendees should be able to:
1. Describe the roles of the members of the health care team in their respective responsibilities for quality care.
2. Discuss spinal and general anesthesia physiologic effects.
3. Explore Bezold-Jarisch Reflex (BJR) and how it is activated.
4. Review the pharmacology of Ondansetron.
5. Evaluate current literature regarding effect of ondansetron in hypotension in attenuating hypotension in elderly population.
6. Discuss the effects of anxiety on patients undergoing surgical intervention, tools that measure anxiety, and benefit of music therapy on relieving anxiety.
7. Review the effects of music therapy on perioperative anxiety during awake anesthesia.
8. Discuss the need for further research based on type and specificity of music therapy utilized.


Keren Rae Manacop, BSN, MAN, RN, CCRN
Student Registered Nurse Anesthetist
Albany Medical College

Samantha Waters, RN
Student Registered Nurse Anesthetist
Albany Medical College

Faculty Disclosure

The design and content of Baystate Continuing Interprofessional Education ( CE ) activities support quality improvement in healthcare and provide fair and balanced views of therapeutic options.  Faculty or planner conflicts of interest are resolved before the educational activity.

None of the members of the faculty and planning committee for this educational event have commercial relationships with any entity producing, marketing, re-selling or distributing health care goods and services consumed by or used on patients.


Session date: 
03/11/2021 - 7:00am to 8:00am EST
Baystate Medical Center
759 Chestnut Street
Springfield, MA 01199
United States
  • 1.00 AMA PRA Category 1 Credit™
  • 1.00 ANCC Contact Hours
  • 1.00 BCIPE Instructional Hours

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